Many Indians migrated to Fiji between 1884 and 1916 through the indentured labour program to work in the sugar industry with companies like CSR. By 1925 most of the 60,000 Indians, brought in as labour to Fiji, had made their homes in the Colony.

Indentured labourers were recruited from India under contract to the Government of Fiji: for lists of immigrants see General Register of Indian Immigration 1879-1919 and other similar series (Department of Immigration, Fiji , records held by the Western Pacific High Commission, microform copies held by the National Library of Australia).